Monday, May 9, 2011

Sentinel Nodes for Endometrial Cancer

In Lancet Oncology

Results of a sentinel node lymph node biopsy in endometrial cancer are published, and they report a high NPV. Though it is buried in the paper, the sensitivity was 84%, which is a little bit lower than other SNLB series. As I count it, there were 3 patients who had a negative SLNB out of a total of 20 patients with nodal positivity, for a false negative rate of 15%.

This is a little less compelling than the more established vulvar sentinel studies, or the more recently reported cervical cancer series, but does raise some interesting possibilities. As the utility of dissection is debatable in endometrial cancer (as opposed to vuvla or cervix) - is a simple, less morbid, though admittedly less accurate means of staging "good enough?"


[Articles] Detection rate and diagnostic accuracy of sentinel-node biopsy in early stage endometrial cancer: a prospective multicentre study (SENTI-ENDO): "SLN biopsy with cervical dual labelling could be a trade-off between systematic lymphadenectomy and no dissection at all in patients with endometrial cancer of low or intermediate risk. Moreover, our study suggests that SLN biopsy could provide important data to tailor adjuvant therapy."

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